Peru

 

Official name: REPUBLIC OF PERU

Date of membership: 29 April 1976

Short name: Peru

Capital: Lima

Geography

Location: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador.

Area: 1,285,220 sq km

Land boundaries: 5,536 km

Border countries: Bolivia 1,075 kms, Brasil 2,995 kms, Chile 171 kms, Colombia 1,800 kms Ecuador 1,420 kms

Coastline: 2,414 km

Natural resources: Copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas.

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements.

Economic indicators 

Total at current prices 189 210 Millions 
USD
2015
Per capita at current prices 6029 USD 2015
Growth rate per capita at constant prices -2.6 % 2016
Country share in regional GDP 0.4 % 2016
Imports of goods and services
(GDP at current prices
-23.7 % 2015
Exports of goods and services  
(GDP at current prices)
21.31 % 2015

Source: Peru: Economic National Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and
Statistical Publications. ECLACOn line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Socio-demographic indicators  

Total population 30.994 (000) 2017
Life expectancy 75 Years 2015-2020
Women 78 Years 2015-2020
Men 72 Years 2015-2020
Public health expenditure 
as a percentage of GDP
5.1 % 2014
Literacy rate for persons between tge
ages of 15 to 24
98.9 % 2015
Net rate of enrolment in primary
education
91.8 % 2014
Net rate of enrolment in secondary
education
7.63 % 2014
Public expenditure on education 
as a percentage of GDP
3.3 % 2014
Gini Coefficient 0.44 % 2013
Unemployment 6.5 % 2015

Source: Peru: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases 
and Statistical Publications. 
ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Languages: Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages.

Government

Administrative divisions: 24 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 constitutional province (provincia constitucional): Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Callao*, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junin, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes, Ucayali.

Independence: 28 July 1821 (from Spain)

Constitution: 31 December 1993

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory until the age of 70; note - members of the military and national police may not vote.

Executive branch: Chief of state: President Pedro Castillo (since July, 28 2021); Vicepresident Dina Boluarte (since July, 28 2021).

note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; additionally, the constitution provides for two vice presidents.

Legislative branch: Unicameral Congress of the Republic of Peru or Congreso de la Republica del Peru (120 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges are appointed by the National Council of the Judiciary)

Internet country code: .pe

Official Portal Web: http://www.presidencia.gob.pe