Official name: SURINAME

Date of membership: 27 July 1979

Capital: Paramaribo


Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana.

Area: 163,270 sq km

Land boundaries: 1,707 km

Border countries: Brazil 597 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km

Coastline: 386 km

Natural resources: Timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore.

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements.

Economic indicators

Total at current prices   3862 Millions USD 2016
Per capita at current prices 7053 USD 2016
Growth rate per capita 
at constant prices
-11.2 % 2016
Country share in regional GDP 0.4 % 2016
Imports of goods 
and services 
(GDP at current prices)
-38.4 % 2016
Exports of goods 
and services 
(GDP at current prices)
52.5 % 2016

Source: Suriname: Economic National Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases
 and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. 
On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Socio-demographic indicators 

Total population   563 (000) 2017
Life expectancy 72 Years 2015-2020
Women 75 Years 2015-2020
Men 68 Years 2015-2020
Public health expenditure 
as a percentage of GDP
5.7 % 2014
Literacy rate for persons between
the ages of 15 to 24
99.0 % 2015
Net rate of enrolment in 
primary education
91.4 % 2014
Net rate of enrolment in 
secondary education
54.2 % 2013
Public expenditure on education
as a percentage of GDP
Gini Coefficient NA NA NA
Unemployment 14.0 % 1999

Source: Suriname: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. 
Data Bases and Statistical Publications.
 ECLAC.  On line. Inquiry: September
09, 2017. NA= No data available.

Languages: Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese.


Administrative divisions: 10 districts (distrikten, singular – district): Brokopondo, Commewijne, Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para, Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini, Wanica.

Independence: 25 November 1975 (from Netherlands)

Constitution: Ratified 30 September 1987

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: Chief of State: President Desire Delano Bouterse (since 12 August 2010)
Note: The president is both the chief of state and head of government.

Legislative branch: Unicameral National Assembly or Nationale Assemblee (51 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms).

Judicial branch: Cantonal Courts and a Court of Justice as an appellate court (justices are nominated for life).

Internet country code: .sr

Official Portal Web: