Official name: BELIZE 

Date of membership: 6 March1992 

Capital: Belmopan 


Location: Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Mexico. 

Area: 22,966 sq km 

Land boundaries: 516 km 

Border countries: Guatemala 266 km, Mexico 250 km 

Coastline: 386 km 

Natural resources: Arable land potential, timber, fish, hydropower 

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection.

Economic indicators

Total at current prices   1 743 Millions USD 2015
Per capita at current prices 4 911 USD 2015
Growth rate per capita at constant prices -2.8 % 2016
Country share in regional GDP 0.0 % 2015
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices) -67.7 % 2015
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices) 58.5 % 2015


Source:  Belize: National Economic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: SEtember 09, 2017

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population (thousands) 375 (000) 2015
Life expectancy 71 Years 2015-2020
Women 74 Years 2015-2020
Men 68 Years 2015-2020
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 5.8 % 2014
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 88.6 % 2015
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 96.3 % 2014
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education 69.3 % 2014
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 6.2 % 2013
Gini Coefficient ND % ND
Unemployment 10.1 % 2015


Source: Belize:  National Socio-Demographic ProfileCEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On lineInquiry: September 09, 2017. ND= No data available

Languages: English (official), Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole 


Administrative divisions: 6 districts; Belize, Cayo, Corozal, Orange Walk, Stann Creek, Toledo. 

Independence: 21 September 1981 (from UK) 

Constitution: 21 September 1981 

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal 

Executive branch: Chief of state: Queen Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Colville YOUNG, Sr. (since 17 November 1993). Head of government: Prime Minister Dean O. Barrow (since 8 February 2008). 

Legislative branch: Bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (12 members appointed by the governor general - six on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and one each on the advice of the Belize Council of Churches and Evangelical Association of Churches, the Belize Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Belize Better Business Bureau, and the National Trade Union Congress and the Civil Society Steering Committee; members are appointed for five-year terms) and the House of Representatives (29 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms). 

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister) 

Internet code: .bz 

Official Web Portal: