El Salvador


Official name: Republic of El Salvador 

Date of membership: 29 October 2009 

Short name: El Salvador 

Capital: San Salvador 


Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras

Area: 21,041 sq km

Land boundaries: 545 km 

Border countries: Guatemala 203 km, Honduras 342 km 

Coastline: 307 km 

Natural resources: hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land 

Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea. 

Indicadores económicos

Total at current prices    27 797 MIllions USD 2016
Per capita at current prices 4 237  USD 2016
Growth rate per capita at constant prices 1.9 % 2016
Country share in regional GDP   0.4  % 2016
Imports of goods and services  (% of GDP at current prices) -39.3 % 2016
Exports of goods and services  (% of GDP at current prices) 24.9  % 2016


Source: El Salvador: Economic National Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC.On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population   6 350 (000) 2017
Life expectancy 74 Años 2015-2020
Women 78 Años 2015-2020
Men 69 Años 2015-2020
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 6.8 % 2015-2020
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 97.7 % 2014
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 93.1 % 2015
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education 70.2 % 2014
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 3.4 % 2011
Gini Coefficient 0.45 % 2013
Unemployment 6.7 % 2014


Source: El Salvador: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications.ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017 

Languages: Spanish (official) 


Administrative divisions: 14 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, San Vicente, Santa Ana, Sonsonate, Usulutan 

Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain) 

Constitution: 20 December 1983 

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal 

Executive branch: President Nayib Armando Bukele Ortez,

note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government 

Bead of government 

Cabinet: Council of Ministers selected by the president 

Elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a single five-year term; election last held 15 March 2009 (next to be held in March 2014) 

Legislative branch: Unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve three-year terms) 

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (15 judges are selected by the Legislative Assembly; the 15 judges are assigned to four Supreme Court chambers - constitutional, civil, penal, and administrative conflict) 

Internet code: .sv 

Official Web Portal: http://www.go.sv