El Salvador

Official name: Republic of El Salvador 

Date of membership: 29 October 2009 

Short name: El Salvador 

Capital: San Salvador 


Location: Central America, bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and Honduras

Area: 21,041 sq km

Land boundaries: 545 km 

Border countries: Guatemala 203 km, Honduras 342 km 

Coastline: 307 km 

Natural resources: hydropower, geothermal power, petroleum, arable land 

Environment - international agreements: party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands signed, but not ratified: Law of the Sea. 

Indicadores económicos

Total at current prices    24639 MIllions USD 2020
Per capita at current prices 3799  USD 2020
Growth rate per capita at constant prices -8.4 % 2020
Imports of goods and services  (% of GDP at current prices) -43.9 % 2020
Exports of goods and services  (% of GDP at current prices) 25.5 % 2020

Source: El Salvador: Economic National Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. Inquiry: February 23, 2022

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population   6486.2 (000) 2020
Life expectancy 74 Años 2020-2025
Women 78 Años 2020-2025
Men 69 Años 2020-2025
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 7.1 % 2018
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 98.3 % 2019
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 84.2 % 2019
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education 59.6 % 2019
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 3.4 % 2019
Gini Coefficient 0.42 % 2020
Unemployment 6.9 % 2020
Migration -5.2 % 2020-2025

Source: El Salvador: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications.ECLAC.
Inquiry: February 23, 2022

Languages: Spanish (official) 


Administrative divisions: 14 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento); Ahuachapan, Cabanas, Chalatenango, Cuscatlan, La Libertad, La Paz, La Union, Morazan, San Miguel, San Salvador, San Vicente, Santa Ana, Sonsonate, Usulutan 

Independence: 15 September 1821 (from Spain) 

Constitution: 20 December 1983 

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal 

Executive branch: President Nayib Armando Bukele Ortez (since 1 june 2019). Vicepresidente: Félix Ulloa (since 1 june 2029).  The president is both the chief of state and head of government.

Bead of government 

Cabinet: Council of Ministers selected by the president 

Elections: president and vice president elected on the same ticket by popular vote for a single five-year term; election last held 15 March 2009 (next to be held in March 2014) 

Legislative branch: Unicameral Legislative Assembly or Asamblea Legislativa (84 seats; members are elected by direct, popular vote to serve three-year terms) 

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (15 judges are selected by the Legislative Assembly; the 15 judges are assigned to four Supreme Court chambers - constitutional, civil, penal, and administrative conflict) 

Internet code: .sv 

Official Web Portal: http://www.go.sv