Date of membership: 14 June 1976

Short name: Honduras

Capital: Tegucigalpa


Location: Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua.

Area: 112,090 sq km

Land boundaries: 1,520 km

Border countries: Guatemala 256 km, El Salvador 342 km, Nicaragua 922 km

Coastline: 820 km

Natural resources: timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower.

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands

Economic indicators 

Total at current prices   23828 Millions USD 2020
Per capita at current prices 2406 USD 2020
Growth rate per capita at constant prices -10.4 % 2020
Imports of goods and services (GDP in current prices) 50.5 % 2020
Exports of goods and services (GDP in current prices) 35.2 % 2020

Source: Honduras: Economic National Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. Inquiry: February 23, 2022

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population (thousands) 9 071 (000) 2015
Life expectancy 74 Años 2015-2020
Women 76 Años 2015-2020
Men 71 Años 2015-2020
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 8.7  % 2012
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 97.2 % 2015
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 49.3 % 2014
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education 48.6 % 2014
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 5.9 % 2013
Gini Coefficient 0.56 % 2010
Unemployment 8.8 % 2010

Source: Honduras: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. Inquiry: February 23, 2022

Languages: Spanish, Amerindian dialects


Administrative divisions: 18 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento): Atlantida, Choluteca, Colon, Comayagua, Copan, Cortes, El Paraiso, Francisco Morazan, Gracias a Dios, Intibuca, Islas de la Bahia, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Barbara, Valle, Yoro.

Independence: 15 September 1821

Constitution: 11 January 1982, effective 20 January 1982; amended 1995

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory

Executive branch: Chief of state: Xiomara Castro (since 27 January2022); Presidence Designated: Salvador Nasrall (since 27 January 2022)
Note: The president is both the chief of state and head of government .

Legislative branch: Unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members are elected proportionally to the number of votes their party's presidential candidate receives to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges are elected for seven-year terms by the National Congress).

Internet code: .hn

Official Web Portal: http://www.sre.hn