Short name: Ecuador 

Date of membership: 2 April 1976 

Capital: Quito 


Location: Western South America, bordering the Pacific Ocean at the Equator, between Colombia and Peru. 

Area: 283,561 km2 

Land boundaries: 2,010 km 

Border countries: Colombia 590 km, Peru 1,420 km 

Coastline: 2,237 km 

Natural resources: petroleum, fish, timber, hydropower minerals, hydropower, diamonds. 

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94. 

Economic indicators

Total at current prices  97 802 MIllions USD 2016
Per capita at current prices  5669 USD  2016
Growth rate per capita at constant prices -1.5 % 2016
Country share in regional GDP 1.5 % 2016
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices)  -19.7 % 2016
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices) 19.3 % 2016


Source: Ecuador: Economic National Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Socio-demographic indicators 

Total population  16 624 (000) 2017
Life expectancy 77 Años 2015-2020
Women 79 Años 2015-2020
Men 74 Años 2015-2020
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 9.2 % 2014
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 98.8 % 2015
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 94.7 % 2014
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education 82.5 % 2013
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 4.2 % 2012
Gini Coefficient 0.48 % 2013
Unemployment 5.4 % 2015
Source: Ecuador: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017
Languages: Spanish (official), Amerindian languages (especially Quechua)

Administrative divisions: 22 provinces (provincias, singular - provincia): Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Pichincha, Sucumbios, Tungurahua, Zamora-Chinchipe 

Independence: 24 May 1822 (from Spain) 

Constitution: 20 October 2008 

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal, compulsory for literate persons ages 18-65, optional for other eligible voters. 

Executive branch: Chief of state: President Guillermo Lasso. Vicepresident Alfredo Borrero
Note: The president is both the chief of state and head of government. 

Legislative branch: Unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (100 seats; members are popularly elected by province to serve four-year terms) 

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (according to the Constitution, new justices are elected by the full Supreme Court) 

Internet code: .ec 

Official Web Portal: