Date of membership: 19 September 1986

Short name: Paraguay

Capital: Asuncion


Location: Central South America, northeast of Argentina

Area: 406,750 sq km

Land boundaries: 3,920 km

Border countries: Argentine 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,290 km

Natural resources: Hydropower, timber, iron ore, manganese, limestone

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements.

Economic indicators  

Total at current prices   27 441 Millions USD 2016
Per capita at current prices 4082  USD 2016
Growth rate per capita at constant prices 2.8 % 2016
Country share in regional GDP (%) 0.4 % 2016
Imports of goods and services (GDP at current prices)
-4.93- % 2016
Export of goods and services (GDP at current prices) 42.1 % 2016


Source: Paraguay: Economic National Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical 
Publications. ECLAC.On line. Inquiry: SEptember 09, 2017

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population   6 805 (000) 2017
Life expectancy 74 Años 2015-2020
Women 76 Años 2015-2020
Men 72 Años 2015-2020
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 9.8 % 2014
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 99.0  % 2012
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 88.5 % 2011
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education 62.6 % 2012
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 5.0 % 2012
Gini Coefficient 0.54 ND  2014
 Unemployment 6.8 % 2015


Source: Paraguay: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Languages: Spanish (official), Guarani (official)


Administrative divisions: 17 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 capital city: Alto Paraguay, Alto Parana, Amambay, Asuncion, Boqueron, Caaguazu, Caazapa, Canindeyu, Central, Concepcion, Cordillera, Guaira, Itapua, Misiones, Neembucu, Paraguari, Presidente Hayes, San Pedro.

Independence: 14 May 1811 (from Spain)

Constitution: Promulgated 20 June 1992

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory up to age 75

Executive branch: Chief of state: Mario Abdo Benítez (2018-2023). The president is both the chief of state and head of government. Vice President Hugo Velasquez (2018-2023).

Legislative branch: Bicameral Congress or Congreso consists of the Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (45 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms) and the Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (80 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges appointed on the proposal of the Council of Magistrates or Consejo de la Magistratura).

Internet country code: .py

Official Portal Web: