Date of membership: 14 January 1976

Short name: México

Capital: Mexico City


Location: Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the US.

Area: 1.964.375 km2

Land boundaries: 4,353 km

Border countries: Belize, 250 km; Guatemala, 962 km; EE.UU 3.141 km

Coastline: 9,330 km

Natural resources: Petroleum, silver, copper, gold, lead, zinc, natural gas, timber.

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements.

Economic indicators 

Total at current prices 1 046 925 Millions USD 2016
Per capita at current prices 8 293 USD 2016
Growth rate per capita at constant prices 1.0 % 2016
Country share in regional GDP 15.6 % 2016
Imports of goods and services (GDP in current prices) -40.0 % 2016
Exports of goods and services (GDP in current prices) 38.2 % 2016


Source: ECLAC. Mexico: Economic National Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population   127 878 (000) 2017
Life expectancy 77 Años 2015-2020
Women 80 Años 2015-2020
Men 75 Años 2015-2020
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 6.3 % 2014
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 98.7 % 2015
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 95.1 % 2014
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education 67.4 % 2012
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 5.2 % 2011
Gini Coefficient 0.49 ND  2014
Unemployment 4.7 % 2015


Source: Mexico: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Languages: Spanish (official), Mayan, Nahuatl and other regional indigenous languages.


Administrative divisions: 31 states (estados, singular - estado) and 1 federal district (distrito federal): Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila de Zaragoza, Colima, Distrito Federal*, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, México, Michoacan de Ocampo, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro de Arteaga, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz-Llave, Yucatan, Zacatecas

Independence: 16 September 1810 (from Spain)

Constitution: 5 February 1917

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory (but not enforced)

Executive branch: Chief of state: President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (since 1 December 2018); 
Note. The president is both the chief of state and head of government

Legislative branch: Bicameral National Congress or Congreso de la Unión consists of the Senate or Camara de Senadores (128 seats; 96 are elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms, and 32 are allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote) and the Federal Chamber of Deputies or Camara Federal de Diputados (500 seats; 300 members are directly elected by popular vote to serve three-year terms; remaining 200 members are allocated on the basis of each party's popular vote, also for three-year terms).

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Suprema Corte de Justicia Nacional (justices or minister are appointed by the president with consent of the Senate).

Internet country code: .mx

Official Portal Web: