Official name: REPUBLIC OF HAITI 

Short name: Haiti 

Date of membership: 17 March 1977 

Capital: Port-au-Prince 


Location: Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic. 

Area: 27,750 sq km 

Land boundaries: 360 km 

Border countries: Dominican Republic 360 km 

Coastline: 1,771 km 

Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower. 

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection. 

Economic indicators 

Total at current prices   7 647 Millions USD 2016
Per capita at current prices 14 767 USD 2016
Growth rate per capita a constant prices -4.3  % 2016
Country share in regional GDP 0.1  % 2016
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices) NA % NA
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices) NA  % NA


Source: Haiti: National Economic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017. NA= Data not available

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population (thousands) 10.510 (000) 2015
Life expectancy 64 Años 2015-2020
Women 66 Años 2015-2020
Men 62 Años 2015-2020
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 6.4 % 2012
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 82.1 % 2006
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 57.2 % 1997
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education ND ND ND
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 1.4 % 1991
Gini Coefficient NA NA NA
Unemployment NA NA NA


Source: Haiti: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017. NA= No data available.

Languages: French (official), Creole (official) 


Administrative divisions: 9 departments (departements, singular - departement); Artibonite, Centre, Grand 'Anse, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est. 

Independence: 1 January 1804 (from France) 

Constitution: Approved March 1987 

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal 

Executive branch: Chief of state: Prime Minister Ariel Henrysince July 21, 2021.   

Legislative branch: Bicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale consists of the Senate (27 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years) and the Chamber of Deputies (83 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms). 

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour de Cassation 

Internet Code: .ht 

Official Web Portal: http://www.haiti.org