VENEZUELA

Official name: BOLIVARIAN REPUBLIC OF VENEZUELA

Date of membership: 14 January 1976

Short name: Venezuela

Capital: Caracas

Geography

Location: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, between Colombia and Guyana.

Area: 916,445 sq km

Land boundaries: 4,993 km

Border countries: Brazil 2,000 km, Colombia 2,050 km, Guyana 743 km

Coastline: 2.813 km

Natural resources: Petroleum, natural gas, iron ore, gold, bauxite, other minerals, hydropower, diamonds.

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94.

Economic indicators

Total at current prices  

2 132 681

Millions USD

2016

Per capita at current prices

68 940

USD

2016

Growth rate per capita at
constant prices

-10.8

%

2016

Country share in regional GDP

31.7

%

2016

Imports of goods and services 
(GDP at current prices)

-0.0

%

2016

Exports of goods and services
(GDP at current prices)

-0.0

%

2016

Source: Venezuela: Economic National ProfileCEPALSTAT. Databases
and Statistical Publications. ECLAC.  On line. Inquiry: September 09, 
2017

Socio-demographic indicators  

Total population  

31 311

(000)

2017

Life expectancy

NA

Years

2015-2020

Women

NA

Years

2015-2020

Men

NA

Years

2015-2020

Public health expenditure
as a percentage of GDP

5.3

%

2014

Literacy rate for persons between
the ages of 15 to 24

97.7

%

2015

Net rate of enrolment in
primary education

90.7

%

2014

Net rate of enrolment in
secondary education

74.8

%

2014

Public expenditure on education
as a percentage of GDP

6.9

 

%

2009

Gini Coefficient

0.41

%

2013

Uemployment

7.0

%

2015

Source: Venezuela: National Socio-Demographic Profile. ECLAC. On line.
Inquiry: September 09, 2017. NA= Not available

Languages: Spanish (official), numerous indigenous dialects

Government

Administrative divisions: 23 states (estados, singular - estado), 1 federal district (distrito federal), and 1 federal dependency (dependencia federal); Amazonas, Anzoategui, Apure, Aragua, Barinas, Bolivar, Carabobo, Cojedes, Delta Amacuro, Dependencias Federales, Distrito Federal, Falcon, Guarico, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Monagas, Nueva Esparta, Portuguesa, Sucre, Tachira, Trujillo, Vargas, Yaracuy, Zulia.
Note: The federal dependency consists of 11 federally controlled island groups with a total of 72 individual islands.

Independence: 5 July 1811 (from Spain)

Constitution: 30 December 2009

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: Chief of state: President: Nicolás Maduro (since 19 April 2013); Vice President: Tareck El Aissami (since 4 January 2017)

Legislative branch: Unicameral National Assembly or Asamblea Nacional (165 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms; three seats reserved for the indigenous peoples of Venezuela).

Judicial branch: Supreme Tribunal of Justice or Tribunal Supremo de Justicia (magistrates are elected by the National Assembly for a single 12-year term)

Internet code: .ve

Official Web Portal: http://www.gobiernoenlinea.gob.ve