Short name: Bolivia

Date of membership: 7 June 1976

Capital: La Paz (seat of government); Sucre (legal capital and seat of judiciary)


Administrative divisions: 9 departments (departamentos, singular- departamento); Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, Beni, La Paz, Oruro, Pando, Potosi, Santa Cruz, Tarija.

Independence: 6 August 1825 (from Spain)

Constitution: 7 February 2009

Suffrage: 18 years of age, universal and compulsory (married); 21 years of age, universal and compulsory (single).

Executive branch: Chief of state: President Juan Evo Morales Ayma (since 22 January 2015); Vice President Álvaro Marcelo García Linera (since 22 January 2015).
Note: The president is both chief of state and head of government.

Legislative branch: Bicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional consists of Chamber of Senators or Camara de Senadores (27 seats; members are elected by proportional representation from party lists to serve five-year terms) and Chamber of Deputies or Camara de Diputados (130 seats; 68 are directly elected from their districts and 62 are elected by proportional representation from party lists to serve five-year terms).

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Corte Suprema (judges appointed for 10-year terms by National Congress); District Courts (one in each department); provincial and local courts (to try minor cases).

Internet code: .bo

Web Official Portal



Location: Central South America, southwest of Brazil

Area: 1,098,580 sq km

Land boundaries: 6,940 km

Border countries: Argentina 832 km, Brazil 3,423 km, Chile 860 km, Paraguay 750 km, Peru 1,075 km.

Natural resources: Natural gas, petroleum, zinc, tungsten, antimony, silver, iron, lead, gold, timber, hydropower.

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94.

 Economic indicators

Total at current prices  37509 Millions USD 2017
Per capita au current prices 3388 USD 2017
Growth rate per capita at constant prices 2.6 % 2017
Country share in regional GDP 0.7 % 2017
Imports of goods and services  (% of GDP at current prices) -31.8 % 2017
Exports of goods and services  (% of GDP at current prices) 24.9 % 2017

Source: Bolivia: National Economic ProfileCEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC.  On line. Inquiry: July 07, 2019.

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population   11 400 (000) 2017
Life expectancy 70 Years 2015-2020
Women 73 Years 2015-2020
Men 68 Years 2015-2020
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 6.4 % 2015
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 99.4 % 2015
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 91.9 % 2008
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education 77.6 % 2017
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 7.3 % 2017
Gini Coefficient 0.46 % 2017
Unemployment 4.6 % 2017

Source: Bolivia: National Socio-Demographic ProfileCEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications. . ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: July 07, 2019.

Languages: Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara (official)