PERU

Official name: REPUBLIC OF PERU

Date of membership: 29 April 1976

Short name: Peru

Capital: Lima

Geography

Location: Western South America, bordering the South Pacific Ocean, between Chile and Ecuador.

Area: 1,285,220 sq km

Land boundaries: 5,536 km

Border countries: Bolivia 1,075 kms, Brasil 2,995 kms, Chile 171 kms, Colombia 1,800 kms Ecuador 1,420 kms

Coastline: 2,414 km

Natural resources: Copper, silver, gold, petroleum, timber, fish, iron ore, coal, phosphate, potash, hydropower, natural gas.

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements.

Economic indicators 

Total at current prices  

189 210

Millions 
USD

2015

Per capita at current prices

6029

USD

2015

Growth rate per capita at constant prices

-2.6

%

2016

Country share in regional GDP

0.4

%

2016

Imports of goods and services 
(GDP at current prices
)

-23.7

%

2015

Exports of goods and services  
(GDP at current prices)

21.31

%

2015

Source: Peru: Economic National Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and
Statistical Publications. ECLACOn line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Socio-demographic indicators  

Total population  

30.994

(000)

2017

Life expectancy

75

Years

2015-2020

Women

78

Years

2015-2020

Men

72

Years

2015-2020

Public health expenditure
as a percentage of GDP

5.1

%

2014

Literacy rate for persons between tge
ages of 15 to 24

98.9

%

2015

Net rate of enrolment in primary
education

91.8

%

2014

Net rate of enrolment in secondary
education

7.63

%

2014

Public expenditure on education
as a percentage of GDP

3.3

%

2014

Gini Coefficient

0.44

%

2013

Unemployment

6.5

%

2015

Source: Peru: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases 
and Statistical Publications. 
ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Languages: Spanish (official), Quechua (official), Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages.

Government

Administrative divisions: 24 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 1 constitutional province (provincia constitucional): Amazonas, Ancash, Apurimac, Arequipa, Ayacucho, Cajamarca, Callao*, Cusco, Huancavelica, Huanuco, Ica, Junin, La Libertad, Lambayeque, Lima, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Moquegua, Pasco, Piura, Puno, San Martin, Tacna, Tumbes, Ucayali.

Independence: 28 July 1821 (from Spain)

Constitution: 31 December 1993

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and compulsory until the age of 70; note - members of the military and national police may not vote.

Executive branch: Chief of state: President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski (since 28 July 2016); note - the president is both the chief of state and head of government; additionally, the constitution provides for two vice presidents.

Legislative branch: Unicameral Congress of the Republic of Peru or Congreso de la Republica del Peru (120 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges are appointed by the National Council of the Judiciary)

Internet country code: .pe

Official Portal Web: http://www.presidencia.gob.pe