Official name: BELIZE 

Date of membership: 6 March1992 

Capital: Belmopan 


Administrative divisions: 6 districts; Belize, Cayo, Corozal, Orange Walk, Stann Creek, Toledo. 

Independence: 21 September 1981 (from UK) 

Constitution: 21 September 1981 

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal 

Executive branch: Chief of state: Queen Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Sir Colville YOUNG, Sr. (since 17 November 1993). Head of government: Prime Minister Dean O. Barrow (since 8 February 2008). 

Legislative branch: Bicameral National Assembly consists of the Senate (12 members appointed by the governor general - six on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and one each on the advice of the Belize Council of Churches and Evangelical Association of Churches, the Belize Chamber of Commerce and Industry and the Belize Better Business Bureau, and the National Trade Union Congress and the Civil Society Steering Committee; members are appointed for five-year terms) and the House of Representatives (29 seats; members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms). 

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (the chief justice is appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister) 

Internet code: .bz 

Official Web Portal:


Location: Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Mexico. 

Area: 22,966 sq km 

Land boundaries: 516 km 

Border countries: Guatemala 266 km, Mexico 250 km 

Coastline: 386 km 

Natural resources: Arable land potential, timber, fish, hydropower 

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection.

Economic indicators

Total at current prices   1 863 Millions USD 2017
Per capita at current prices 4 971 USD 2017
Growth rate per capita at constant prices 1.4 % 2017
Country share in regional GDP 0.0 % 2017
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices) -57.6 % 2017
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices) 54.2 % 2017

Source:  Belize: National Economic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: July 07, 2019.

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population (thousands) 390 (000) 2019
Life expectancy 71 Years 2015-2020
Women 74 Years 2015-2020
Men 68 Years 2015-2020
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 6.2 % 2015
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 77.6 % 1991
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 96.1 % 2017
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education 70.5 % 2017
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 7.1 % 2017
Gini Coefficient ND ND ND
Unemployment 9.3 % 2017

Source: Belize:  National Socio-Demographic ProfileCEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On lineInquiry: July 07, 2019. ND= No data available

Languages: English (official), Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna (Carib), Creole