Official name: REPUBLIC OF HAITI 

Short name: Haiti 

Date of membership: 17 March 1977 

Capital: Port-au-Prince 


Location: Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic. 

Area: 27,750 sq km 

Land boundaries: 360 km 

Border countries: Dominican Republic 360 km 

Coastline: 1,771 km 

Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower. 

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection. 

Economic indicators 

Total at current prices   15505 Millions USD 2020
Per capita at current prices 1360 USD 2020
Growth rate per capita a constant prices -4.5 % 2020
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices) 161.9 % 2017
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices) -56.5 % 2017


Source: Haiti: National Economic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. Inquiry: February 23, 2022. NA= Data not available

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population (thousands) 11 402.5 (000) 2020
Life expectancy 65 Años 2020_2025
Women 67 Años 2020_2025
Men 63 Años 2020_2025
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 7.7 % 2018
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 83.0 % 2016
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 58.1 % 1997
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education ND ND ND
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 1.7 % 2018
Gini Coefficient NA % NA
Unemployment NA % NA
Migration 2.7 % 2020_2025

Source: Haiti: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. Inquiry: February 23, 2022. NA= Data not available

Languages: French (official), Creole (official) 


Administrative divisions: 9 departments (departements, singular - departement); Artibonite, Centre, Grand 'Anse, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est. 

Independence: 1 January 1804 (from France) 

Constitution: Approved March 1987 

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal 

Executive branch: Chief of state: Prime Minister Ariel Henrysince July 21, 2021.   

Legislative branch: Bicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale consists of the Senate (27 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years) and the Chamber of Deputies (83 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms). 

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour de Cassation 

Internet Code: .ht 

Official Web Portal: http://www.haiti.org