Official name: REPUBLIC OF HAITI 

Short name: Haiti 

Date of membership: 17 March 1977 

Capital: Port-au-Prince 


Administrative divisions: 9 departments (departements, singular - departement); Artibonite, Centre, Grand 'Anse, Nord, Nord-Est, Nord-Ouest, Ouest, Sud, Sud-Est. 

Independence: 1 January 1804 (from France) 

Constitution: Approved March 1987 

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal 

Executive branch: Chief of state: President Michelle Martelly since May 14th 2011. Prime Minister: Laurent Salvador Lemothe, since May 4th 2012. 

Legislative branch: Bicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale consists of the Senate (27 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms; one-third elected every two years) and the Chamber of Deputies (83 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms). 

Judicial branch: Supreme Court or Cour de Cassation 

Internet Code: .ht 

Official Web Portal: http://www.haiti.org


Location: Caribbean, western one-third of the island of Hispaniola, between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, west of the Dominican Republic. 

Area: 27,750 sq km 

Land boundaries: 360 km 

Border countries: Dominican Republic 360 km 

Coastline: 1,771 km 

Natural resources: Bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble, hydropower. 

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection. 

Economic indicators 

Total at current prices   8546 Millions USD 2017
Per capita at current prices 775 USD 2017
Growth rate per capita a constant prices 0.1 % 2017
Country share in regional GDP  0.2  % 2017
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices) 161.9 % 2017
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices) -56.5 % 2017

Source: Haiti: National Economic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: July 07, 2019. NA= Data not available

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population (thousands) 11.302 (000) 2015
Life expectancy 64 Años 2015-2020
Women 66 Años 2015-2020
Men 62 Años 2015-2020
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 72.3 % 2016
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 82.1 % 2006
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 57.3 % 1997
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education ND ND ND
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 6.9 % 2015
Gini Coefficient NA NA NA
Unemployment NA NA NA

Source: Haiti: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: July 07, 2019. NA= No data available.

Languages: French (official), Creole (official)