SURINAME

Official name: SURINAME

Date of membership: 27 July 1979

Capital: Paramaribo

Geography

Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between French Guiana and Guyana.

Area: 163,270 sq km

Land boundaries: 1,707 km

Border countries: Brazil 597 km, French Guiana 510 km, Guyana 600 km

Coastline: 386 km

Natural resources: Timber, hydropower, fish, kaolin, shrimp, bauxite, gold, and small amounts of nickel, copper, platinum, iron ore.

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands Signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements.

Economic indicators

Total at current prices  

3862

Millions USD

2016

Per capita at current prices

7053

USD

2016

Growth rate per capita
at constant prices

-11.2

%

2016

Country share in regional GDP

0.4

%

2016

Imports of goods
and services 
(GDP at current prices)

-38.4

%

2016

Exports of goods
and services 
(GDP at current prices)

52.5

%

2016

Source: Suriname: Economic National Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases
 and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. 
On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Socio-demographic indicators 

Total population  

563

(000)

2017

Life expectancy

72

Years

2015-2020

Women

75

Years

2015-2020

Men

68

Years

2015-2020

Public health expenditure
as a percentage of GDP

5.7

%

2014

Literacy rate for persons between
the ages of 15 to 24

99.0

%

2015

Net rate of enrolment in
primary education

91.4

%

2014

Net rate of enrolment in
secondary education

54.2

%

2013

Public expenditure on education
as a percentage of GDP

NA

NA

NA

Gini Coefficient

NA

NA

NA

Unemployment

14.0

%

1999

Source: Suriname: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT.
Data Bases and Statistical Publications.
 ECLAC.  On line. Inquiry: September
09, 2017. NA= No data available.

Languages: Dutch (official), English (widely spoken), Sranang Tongo (Surinamese, sometimes called Taki-Taki, is native language of Creoles and much of the younger population and is lingua franca among others), Hindustani (a dialect of Hindi), Javanese.

Government

Administrative divisions: 10 districts (distrikten, singular – district): Brokopondo, Commewijne, Coronie, Marowijne, Nickerie, Para, Paramaribo, Saramacca, Sipaliwini, Wanica.

Independence: 25 November 1975 (from Netherlands)

Constitution: Ratified 30 September 1987

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: Chief of State: President Desire Delano Bouterse (since 12 August 2010)
Note: The president is both the chief of state and head of government.

Legislative branch: Unicameral National Assembly or Nationale Assemblee (51 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms).

Judicial branch: Cantonal Courts and a Court of Justice as an appellate court (justices are nominated for life).

Internet country code: .sr

Official Portal Web: http://www.kabinet.sr.org/
http://www.plos.sr/