Guyana

Official name: Co-operative Republic of Guyana 

Short name: Guyana 

Date of membership: 17 January 1976 

Capital: Georgetown 

Geography 

Location: Northern South America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Suriname and Venezuela. 

Area: 214,970 sq km 

Land boundaries: 2,462 km 

Border countries: Brazil 1,119 km, Suriname 600 km, Venezuela 743 km 

Coastline: 459 km 

Natural resources: Bauxite, gold, diamonds, hardwood timber, shrimp, fish 

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber 94. 

Economic indicators 

Total at current prices (2013) 5471 Millions USD 2020
Per capita at current prices 6956 USD 2020
Growth rate per capita at constant prices -2.8 % 2016
Imports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices)  NA % NA
Exports of goods and services (% of GDP at current prices)  NA NA NA

 

Source: Guyana: National Economic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. Inquiry: February 23, 2022.
NA= Data not avilable

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population   786.6 (000) 2020
Life expectancy 70 NA 2020_2025
Women 74 NA 2020_2025
Men 67 NA 2020_2025
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 5.9 % 2018
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 96.7 % 2014
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 98.2 % 2012
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education 70.3 % 2012
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 4.5 % 2018
Gini Coefficient NA % NA
Unemployment NA % NA
Migration -6.3 % 2020_2025

Source: Guyana: National Socio-Demographic Profile. CEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications. 
ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: February 23, 2022. NA= Data not avilable

Languages: English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu 

Government 

Administrative divisions: 10 regions: Barima-Waini, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Demerara-Mahaica, East Berbice-Corentyne, Essequibo Islands-West Demerara, Mahaica-Berbice, Pomeroon-Supenaam, Potaro-Siparuni, Upper Demerara-Berbice, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo. 

Independence: 26 May 1966 (from UK) 

Constitution: 6 October 1980 

Suffrage: 16 years of age; universal 

Executive branch: Chief of state: President Irfaan Ali (since 02 Agust 2020). 

Head of government: Prime Minister Samuel Hinds (since October 1992, except for a period as chief of state after the death of President Cheddi Jagan on 6 March 1997. 

Cabinet: Cabinet of Ministers appointed by the president, responsible to the legislature. Prime minister appointed by the president. 

Legislative branch: Unicameral National Assembly (68 seats, 65 elected by popular vote, 1 elected Speaker of the National Assembly, and 2 nonvoting members appointed by the president; members serve five-year terms). 

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Judicature; Judicial Court of Appeal; High Court. 

Internet country code: .gy 

Official Portal Web: http://www.op.gov.gy