Integrated Disaster Risk Management (IDRM) aims at mitigating the impact of disasters caused by natural hazards which are linked to human intervention in communities and the environment. IDRM is a continuous process that involves the identification of the risk factors, the study and assessments of the root causes that generate them, the implementation of prevention and mitigation actions, emergency preparedness, and post disaster recovery. This process reduces human and economic damages and losses, and its effectiveness is plausible insofar as protection and recovery are prioritized.

In its origins, disaster risk management was focused on response during a critical situation. Currently, the disaster risk reduction paradigm prioritizes prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery as well as the elimination and reduction of risk factors. In this sense, it entails the participation of many additional institutions and sectors than those traditionally associated with the immediate response during disaster crises.

All disasters impact on the welfare of communities. They are commonly associated with loss of livelihoods and severe constraints on development. They also represent a setback for growth and development models which aim to transform those societies that are exposed to institutional, cultural, social, economic, and political impacts caused by disasters.

Disaster risk management with a social protection approach is aimed at strengthening the participation of organizations, institutions, and key stakeholders from multiple sectors responsible for social policies, which, alongside risk management policies, contribute to putting people first. In the context of climate change, natural hazards, especially hydrometeorological ones have become more severe while extreme weather events are more frequent. This implies continuing to develop adaptation actions, i.e., in the face of natural hazards that cannot be eliminated, social policies are aimed at reducing social vulnerabilities and strengthening social recovery.

In this sense, all those involved in multisectoral coordination need to develop preparedness and specialization tools in disasters risk management, in order to guide IDRM public policies and strategies towards the social and economic recovery of the countries.

Disaster risk management with a social protection approach is complementary to the management physical and environmental risk factors. This approach favors the resilience of people in vulnerable situations before crises occur, as well as the recovery of affected people in the aftermath of crises. For example, during the COVID-19 pandemic, it was made explicit that social protection is an essential public policy instrument to address economic, health and medical service impacts, among others, and that its effectiveness is associated with multisectoral participation and coordination -for example, through regional disasters risk management and civil protection systems.


The Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA) and the Inter-American Conference on Social Security (CISS) are pleased to offer the workshop on "Disaster Risk Management with a Social Protection Approach". Its objective is building skills and capacities in disaster risk management with a social protection approach for decision makers and technicians of the social protection and risk management system in Belize. The themes of the workshop are disaster assessment, registration of affected people, and integration of disaster risk management approaches.

  1. Disaster assessment has a multisectoral approach to its effects and impacts on economic and social activities in order to quantify losses and damages, which facilitates the prioritization of investments and resources necessary for prevention and recovery;
  2. The registry of affected people, which is useful for the implementation and, in other cases, for the adaptation of social programmes to the needs of household and population groups affected by hazards. Administrative registries are generated and kept by multiple public entities and organizations;
  3. Integration of disaster risk approaches, facilitating the orientation of disaster risk reduction policies to promote the implementation of economic and social recovery actions aimed at protecting the income households, and access to social.

An introduction by the National Emergency Management Organization (NEMO), as well as the Ministry of Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction, Social Security Board, the Ministry of Human Development, Families and Indigenous People’s Affairs and the Ministry of Economic Development on the measures taken during the COVID-19 health emergency and other institutional experiences throughout disasters will be presented.

Workshop Specifications
  • Format: in-person, duration of 10 -15 h
  • Number of Assistants: 20-25 people
  • Dates: September, 2023
  • Instructors: officials from the CISS, the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), and the Social Studies Network for Disaster Prevention in Latin America and the Caribbean (LA RED).
Focal Points

Belize time

Opening session

 09:00 – 09:30

  • Representative of Belize, to be determined.
  • Ambassador Clarems Endara Vera, Permanent Secretary of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA).
  • Alvaro Velarca, Secretary-General of the Inter-American Conference on Social Security (CISS)

09:30 – 09:45

Official Photo

SESSION 1 - Introduction. Basic concepts. Case studies.

09:45 – 12:30 







Omar Bello, Economic Affairs Officer of the Disaster Assessment Unit at the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)


A.     Disasters in Belize

1. Key facts

2. Assessing a disaster: basic concepts and challenges

B.    Case studies  

1. Estimating the effect and impact of Hurricane Earl (2016

2. Estimating the effects and impacts of Hurricanes Eta and Iota (2020) and Tropical Storm Julia (2022) in Guatemala and Honduras

12:30 – 13:30


SESSION 2 - Disaster risk management models

13:30 – 14:00


Verhonica Zamudio PhD, Researcher at the Inter-American Conference on Social Security (CISS)

Presentation: Social protection in disaster risk management

14:00 – 14:15

Coffee break

14:15 -15:00

Presentation of the Ministries of Belize and National Emergency Management Organisation (NEMO)

Interventions by representatives of Ministries (risk management, economy, human development, and social security) and NEMO, in which they will share their experiences of public policies linked to social protection, including those implemented during the emergency caused by COVID-19, to finally open a space for plenary discussion on these experiences within the framework of the current risk management model in Belize.

15:00 -16:00

Presentation: Disaster risk management models

16:00 -16:30

Roundtable: Disaster risk management model in Belize


Closing of the day



Day 2
Tuesday, 19 September 2023

SESSION 3 – Disaster risk management and social policy

09:00 – 10:30







Panellist: Alonso Brenes, Coordinator of the Network for Social Studies on Disaster Prevention in Latin America and the Caribbean (LA RED). 

Presentation: Disaster risk management as protection for social policy investments.

Exploring the benefits in both ways.

The presentation will address the relationships between disaster risk and social protection, as well as the interactions between disaster risk management and social policy investments. Substantial evidence demonstrates the benefits of increasing coordination and alignment between these two spheres of public administration, where DRM can protect social policy investments and, at the same time, social policy can decrease the conditions of vulnerability of communities exposed to high disaster risk.

10:30 – 10:45

Coffee Break

10:45 – 12:00

Continuation Session 3:
Presentation: Disaster risk management as protection of social policy investments. Exploring the benefits in both ways

12:00 – 13:30


SESSION 4 - OPEN PANEL: Towards best practices in social protection during disasters

13:30 – 14:00

Moderator:  Alonso Brenes
Panellist: Verhonica Zamudio

14:00 - 15:00

Presentation: Social protection during the COVID-19 emergency in Latin American and Caribbean countries

Learning Laboratory: Social protection in disaster risk management phases


Closing of the day

15:00 – 15:30

  • Mr. Alvaro Velarca, Secretary General of the Inter-American Conference on Social Security (CISS)
  • Ambassador Clarems Endara Vera, Permanent Secretary of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic System – SELA
  • Deborah Ruiz, Director General of the Social Security Board