introduction

Prior to COVID-19's emergency, the economic performance of Latin American and Caribbean countries showed visible signs of slowdown as a result of stagnant productivity levels, deteriorating competitiveness and an unstable international context.

With the emergence of the pandemic, challenges have multiplied and the region is facing the worst crisis in its contemporary history. This is demonstrated by the figures of international organizations, which also project a recovery below the global average for 2021 and warn of the threats of a new lost decade for Latin America and the Caribbean.

In their efforts to contain the immediate effects of recession, countries have combined economic and health actions using their limited available resources. However, in order to avoid the realization of its long-term consequences, it will be necessary to undertake immediately an agenda of structural reforms that are the result of new economic and social pacts.

As part of these transformations, promoting the recovery of micro, small and medium-sized enterprises (MSMEs) represents a major task in rebuilding the business fabric and driving inclusive growth.

These productive units are a central component in the economic and social fabric of the region. They make up the vast majority of companies, are providers of a significant portion of goods and services, generate the highest proportion of employment, and are the main source of household income.

In addition, MSMEs expand the range of options for the workforce with low levels of training and fewer opportunities, becoming a mechanism to accelerate intergenerational mobility, reduce poverty, and strengthen social cohesion.

In view of their relevance, smaller companies have been a clear priority in the strategy-making process to boost the region's economic performance. However, the results have not been as expected and gaps with large companies have widened as a sign that barriers limiting their birth and development remain.

In this regard, emphasis should be made on three of the main challenges facing the region. The first is the growing informality that most vehemently affects the most vulnerable. Its persistence has strong social implications by restricting access to social protection systems and significant economic effects by reducing tax collection and the efficiency of productive factors.

The second refers to difficulties in accessing formal sources of funding. This prevents the development of ventures with wide potential for success, hinders innovation and export decisions, and reduces opportunities for business survival during periods of crisis such as the current one.

Finally, it is necessary to support the digital transformation of MSMEs as a catalyst for productivity and their insertion into value chains. The adoption of digital technologies can be especially useful in modernizing processes, expanding trade links and increasing production scales.

Working on overcoming these constraints is a step in the right direction and would result in large economic and social benefits for the region. However, this will require greater collaborative work and the formulation of new arguments and recommendations that guide actions.

In this regard, and in the context of these three challenges, the Permanent Secretariat of SELA undertakes the organization of this meeting with the central objective of building a roadmap to guide efforts to support MSMEs in the short and medium term, strengthening synergy and coordination among actors living in the region.

Objectives
  1. Boost the creation of a roadmap to guide regional efforts to encourage the recovery of MSMEs;
  2. Promote synergy and cooperation among the various regional actors with the aim of accelerating the reactivation of MSMEs;
  3. Identify the main challenges facing MSMEs in the regional and global post-pandemic context;
  4. Discuss support strategies that can be implemented for the recovery of MSMEs.
General information
  • Registration form: https://bit.ly/3ulETuj
  • Start time: 10:00 am Venezuela time
  • Approximate duration: 3 hours
  • Free registration
  • Aimed at: government, private sector, academia and general public authorities linked to MSMEs.
  • Languages: Spanish and English (there will be simultaneous interpretation).
Agenda

22 July 2021

Morning

10:00 – 10:15

OPENING SESSION

  • Ambassador Javier Paulinich, Permanent Secretary of the Latin American and Caribbean Economic System (SELA)
  • Carmen Sánchez, President of the National Development Agency (ANDE) of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay
10:15 – 11:00

SESSION I. Boosting productivity and social inclusion: Strategies to reduce informality

  • Why is informality so significant and persistent in the economies of Latin America and the Caribbean?
  • What actions are recommended to support MSMEs that are in an informal condition?
  • How should social protection programmes be extended to the informal sector?
  • What actions should be incorporated into economic revival programmes to promote formality as a platform for productivity and social inclusion?

 Speaker (20 minutes):

  • Efrain Quicaña Navarro, Technical Specialist at the Regional Office of the International Labour Organization (ILO) in Lima 

Panel of analysts (8 minutes each):

  • Sandra Acero, Director of MSMEs of the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Tourism of Colombia
  • Felipe Bettancourt, National Director of the Solidarity and Social Investment Fund of Chile
  • Domingo García Pérez, Co-Director of the Foundation for Strategic Analysis and Development of SMEs (Faedpyme)
11:00 – 11:45

SESSION II. Recovery Resources: How to improve access to finance for MSMEs

  • How can restrictions on access to finance for MSMEs be overcome?
  • What are the latest trends in the creation and implementation of tools to support access to finance for MSMEs?
  • What successful international practices can be implemented to improve access to finance for MSMEs in the region?

Speaker (20 minutes):

  • Thorsten Beck, Professor of Banking and Finance at the London School of Business

Panel of analysts (8 minutes each):

  • Jorge Morales Paulino, Vice-Minister of Small and Medium-sized Enterprise Development of the Ministry of Industry, Trade and MSMEs of the Dominican Republic
  • Paul Steiner, President of the National Commission for Micro and Small Enterprises of El Salvador
  • Ana Bárbara Mungaray, Head of the Productive Development Unit of the Ministry of Economy of Mexico
  • Juan Carlos Elorza, Director of Private Sector Analysis and Technical Evaluation at CAF-development bank of Latin America
11:45 – 12: 30

SESSION III. Accelerating growth: How to support the digital transformation of MSMEs

  • What are the barriers to the digital transformation of MSMEs?
  • How can the digital transformation support the recovery process of MSMEs?
  • How is digitization changing the nature of work and business models?
  • What policy actions should be taken to help MSMEs capitalize on the benefits of digital technologies?

 Speaker (20 minutes):

  • Sandrine Kergroach, Head of SME and Entrepreneurship Performance, Policies and Mainstreaming unit at the OECD
  • Marco Bianchini, Economist at the OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities

Panel of analysts (8 minutes each):

  • Guzmán Acosta y Lara, National Telecommunications Director of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay
  • Diego Llosa, Vice Minister of Foreign Trade of Peru
  • Yerka Yukich, Executive Secretary of the Centre for Digital Economy (CCS), Santiago Chamber of Commerce

(*) To be confirmed

Speakers

Efraín Quicaña 

Since 2018, Mr. Efraín Quicaña, from Peru, has held the position of Regional Specialist in Rural Economy at the ILO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). Its main lines of work include innovation for the promotion of decent work; transition to formality; productive development policies for more and better jobs; sectoral strategies for the inclusive and sustainable productive reactivation after the COVID-19 pandemic.

From 2011 to 2017, he worked at the ILO Office for the Andean Countries, where he held the position of specialist in Business, Rural Development and Cooperatives and was Coordinator of several Interagency Programmes of the United Nations System and Projects to promote decent work in the rural economy, productive development and business development. Before joining the ILO, between 1998 and 2010, he held positions of responsibility in various international cooperation agencies (UNDP, FAO, SNV), public institutions in Peru and in the private sector.

He holds a bachelor's degree in Administration (Peru), a master's degree in "Regional and Local Development Management" (Chile) and postgraduate degrees at the international level (in Chile, Italy and Spain) in productive development, business development, rural development, market systems and value chains, sustainable companies, comprehensive management of territorial economic development and management of regional and local public policies.

 

Thorsten Beck 

Thorsten Beck is currently professor of banking and finance at The Business School (formerly Cass) in London. He is also Director of the Florence School of Banking and Finance and will take up a Chair of Financial Stability at the European University Institute in September 2021. He is a research fellow of the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) and the CESifo. He was professor of economics from 2008 to 2014 and the founding chair of the European Banking Centre from 2008 to 2013 at Tilburg University. Previously he worked in the research department of the World Bank from 1997 to 2008 and, over the past 12 years, has worked as consultant for – among others - the European Central Bank, the Bank of England, the BIS, the IMF, the Inter-American Development Bank, the Asian Development Bank, the European Commission, and the German Development Corporation.

 

 

Sandrine Kergroach

Dr. Sandrine Kergroach is the Head of SME and Entrepreneurship Performance, Policies and Mainstreaming unit at the OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities. She leads research work and partnership development for better understanding the business and policy conditions that can help SMEs, start-ups and entrepreneurs reach their full potential, including through innovation, internationalisation, or improved environmental, social and governance performance. She supervises activities related to SME&E policy monitoring and mainstreaming, the development of knowledge infrastructure and the production of the flagship “OECD SME and Entrepreneurship Outlook”.

 

 

Marco Bianchini 

Marco Bianchini is an Economist of the OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities. He specializes on SME digitalisation and on the analysis of government policies to facilitate it. He is the Coordinator of the OECD “Digital for SMEs” Global Initiative, an initiative that intends to promote knowledge sharing and learnings on how different types of SMEs can seize the benefits of digitalisation, and on the role of government, regulators, business sectors and other institutions in supporting SME digitalisation.

Mr. Bianchini holds a bachelor’s degree in Economics from the University of Florence and a MSc in Economics from Bocconi University (Italy), both obtained “summa cum laude”. Before joining the OECD, Mr Bianchini worked in McKinsey’s Milan office.