Official name: JAMAICA

Date of membership: 4 April 1976

Capital: Kingston


Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean Sea, south of Cuba

Area: 10,991 sq km

Coastline: 1,022 km

Natural resources: Bauxite, gypsum, limestone

Environment - international agreements: Party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Ozone Layer Protection.

Economic indicators 

Total at current prices   13 676 Millions USD 2016
GDP Per capita 5 126 USD 2016
Growth rate per capita at constant prices 1.0 % 2016
Country share in regional GDP 0.2 % 2016
Imports of goods and services (GDP in currente prices)  -45.2 % 2016
Exports of goods and services  (GDP in currente prices) 29.8 % 2016


Source: Jamaica: Economic National Profile. CEPALSTAT. Databases and Statistical Publications. ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017

Socio-demographic indicators

Total population  2 890 (000) 2017
Life expectancy 76 Años 2015-2020
Women 79 Años 2015-2020
Men 74 Años 2015-2020
Public health expenditure as a percentage of GDP 5.4 % 2004
Literacy rate for persons between the ages of 15 to 24 96.5 % 2015
Net rate of enrolment in primary education 92.5 % 2004
Net rate of enrolment in secondary education 66.9 % 2014
Public expenditure on education as a percentage of GDP 6.0 % 2014
Gini Coefficient NA  NA NN
Unemployment 9.5 % 2015


Source: Jamaica: National Socio-Demographic Profile.  CEPALSTAT. Data Bases and Statistical Publications.ECLAC. On line. Inquiry: September 09, 2017. NA= Data not available.

Languages: English, patois 


Administrative divisions: 14 parishes: Clarendon, Hanover, Kingston, Manchester, Portland, Saint Andrew, Saint Ann, Saint Catherine, Saint Elizabeth, Saint James, Saint Mary, Saint Thomas, Trelawny, Westmoreland note: for local government purposes, Kingston and Saint Andrew were amalgamated in 1923 into the present single corporate body known as the Kingston and Saint Andrew Corporation

Independence: 6 August 1962 (from UK)

Constitution: 6 August 1962

Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal

Executive branch: Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor General Dr. Patrick L. Allen (since 26 February 2009).

Head of government: Prime Minister Hon. Andrew Holness

Legislative branch: Bicameral Parliament consists of the Senate (a 21-member body appointed by the governor general on the recommendations of the prime minister and the leader of the opposition; ruling party is allocated 13 seats, and the opposition is allocated eight seats) and the House of Representatives (60 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms).

Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister); Court of Appeal.

Internet country code: .jm

Official Portal Web: http://www.jis.gov.jm